UX Design Process – Analysis

UX analysis

UX analysis is another stage of the UX process. It helps us to measure the interaction between a user and user interface; often, in this case, it can be an application, a digital product, or even the design itself.

You can do UX analysis in different ways and using different approaches. We covered some of them, such as competitor analysis and task analysis.

When we are creating a UX analysis, it is always important to keep in mind all the aspects that are connected with the product we want to build, such as:

  • User perspective
  • Business perspective
  • Expert team’s perspective
  • Technical perspective

Refer to the following diagram:

The UX analysis includes different methods that vary in terms of formality and user participation. Then, by combining the results of these different tests, we will be able to create an overview of who our community is, as follows:

  • Who our customers are
  • Where our user category is
  • What information they need and seek
  • How they prefer to access that information

Often, during the UX analysis phase, when we analyze users, it leads us to change the product design or its features, especially on the interface side. The part where we improve our product design or mobile and web-user interface to have better user engagement and make the product work for them is called the UI design; we will discuss this more in the next stage of the UX process, which is the design part. Analyzing the user experience leads us to new design changes, but those changes help us to engage customers with our product, make them use our product often, and also lead us to other new customers.

The following are some of the methods used for measuring the UX analysis:

  • A/B testing
  • Heat-mapping
  • Research group

If we have to deal with a digital product, such as a mobile or web application, we can use external tools or services, such as Google Analytics, Hubspot, Moz, or CrazeyEgg, and tons of other tools available on the market.

Using A/B testing, heat-mapping, or other analytical tools, we can measure how users are interacting with our product through the statistical information that will be provided by that specific method.

We have to display the things that are important to interact with in our product. The key here is not to add tons of buttons, features, and possibilities, but to provide the elements that make sense for users; take a look at the following remarkable quote from Steve Jobs:

I know you have a thousand ideas for all the cool features iTunes could have. So do we. But we don’t want a thousand features. That would be ugly. Innovation is not about saying “YES” to everything. It’s about saying “NO” to all but the most crucial features.

If we don’t focus on our main goal of why we started the product in the first place, by adding too many features, we will create too much noise for our users. We have to avoid saying yes to every feature, focus on the main one, and work hard on it. If we add many features, we will reduce the flexibility and increase the complexity, and it will take more time for the user to understand it, and, in other words, the product will be complicated.

Research is a key value in the UX process, but in order to use the data that we found during the research phase in a proper way, we have to analyze and prepare it for the team. Analysis is the process where we, as researchers, identify the patterns in research, propose other possible solutions, and make new recommendations.

Sometimes, during analysis, we will need to include techniques for creating different personas and different scenarios, and describe the user’s behaviors in detail by providing different graphs or chart statistics to our team. Conducting research is an important part, but we have to understand that the research itself has value only if we share it; if we keep it for ourselves, no analysis can be done related to that research and no help can be provided to the team.

User analysis

To create a great user experience, we have to start by understanding our users. However, only knowing who they are is not enough. We need to dive deeper into their motivations, fears, mentality, and behavior.

User analysis will guide us in finding the answers to our questions about end users’ tasks and goals so that these findings can help us make decisions about creating and designing a better product.

By analysis, we will be able to identify roles and define characteristics that aren’t always possible through market research, such as knowledge, state of mind, comfort with similar products, use cases and environments, and frequency of use. With this data, it will be much easier for us to do feature changes and improve the user’s experience with our product.

By doing a proper user analysis, we will have the following benefits:

  • Better product: We will have a better product because we also involved the user by understanding the business objectives, which will always result in a product that will work better for their specific purpose.
  • Cheaper to fix the problem: It will help us to face the reality of our product and change things that won’t work while we still have the product only on paper. Making changes to wireframes or prototypes is much cheaper than trying to fix something technical on a live product.
  • Easy to use is a common requirement: Customers often use the terms usability and user experience when describing qualities they seek in products. Therefore, user analysis drives our product to have better selling points.

User analysis will allow us to create a better product that will work for them; if we ignore user analysis, then the product wasn’t created for the users–it means that we lost time and resources creating the product that we wanted and not the one the users did. Users don’t care if our product has tons of features, or if it can do a thousand things; they just need a product that works for them.

To clarify this process, and to not get you more confused, I’ll try to keep it clear: UX analysis is the phase where you start to analyze all the data and insights that you got from the previous stages, especially from the research phase, and convert them into a clear document or specification to have an understandable meaning for the whole team.

I hope that it is now clear and that you understand the difference between all the stages that we’ve explained so far about UX research methods and the UX process itself, and how to analyze data so that you can start implementing it right away in your design process. Use it as early as possible and as often as possible in your process of product design to provide the benefits of a better user experience to your users.

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